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Research Publications

Research Publications

Lwoga, N.B. (In Press). Tourism employment, personal norm and pro-conservation behaviour in Zanzibar Stone Town, Tanzania. In: Andersson, W. and Mossberg, L. (Eds). Innovation and sustainability in tourism in the developing countries, Dar es Salaam University Press.

Lwoga, N.B. (In Press). Heritage and Heritage Tourism in Africa: Historical overlook and contemporary issues, In: Novelli, M., Adu-Ampong, E., and Ribeiro, M.A. (Eds.). Handbook of Tourism in Africa, Routledge.

Lwoga, N.B. and Maturo, E. (2020). Motivation-based segmentation of rural tourism market in African villages, Development Southern Africa, doi.org/10.1080/0376835X.2020.1760791

Lwoga, N.B. (2019). International demand and its motives for African Community-based CulturalHeritage Tourism, Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, Vol. 25, Issue 2, pp. 408-428

Lwoga, N.B. (2019). The moderating role of spatial proximity on relationship between heritageperceptual proximity and residents’ attitudes towards tourism, African Geographical Review, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19376812.2019.1589737

Lwoga, N.B. and Mwitondi, M.S. (2018). Challenges facing the conservation of historic buildings:local residents’ perspective in Kilwa Kivinje Town, Tanzania, Journal of Heritage and Society, Vol. 11, Issue 3, pp 249 – 275. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2159032X.2019.1703094

Lwoga, N.B. (2018). Heritage proximity, attitude to tourism impacts and local residents’ support for heritage tourism in Kaole Ruins Site, Tanzania, Bulletin of Geography: Socio-economic Series, Vol. 42,Issue 42, pp. 163-181. https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/bog/42/42/article-p163.xml?rskey=Ewoum2&result=1Chinyele, B. and Lwoga, N.B. (2018). Participation in decision making regarding the conservationof heritage resources and conservation attitudes in Kilwa Kisiwani, Tanzania. Journal of CulturalHeritage Management and Sustainable Development. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHMSD-05-2017-0019

Sing’ambi, E. and Lwoga, N.B. (2018), Heritage attachment and domestic tourists’ visits to historicsites in Bagamoyo, Tanzania, International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality, Vol. 12, Issue 3,pp. 310-326. https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJCTHR-09-2017-0091

Lwoga, N.B. (2018), The dilemma of local socio-economic perspectives in the management of historic ruins in Kilwa Kisiwani in Tanzania, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 24, Issue 10, pp. 1019-1037. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13527258.2018.1430604

Lwoga, N.B. and Mapunda, B.B. (2018). Challenges facing accessible tourism in cultural heritage sites: the case of Village Museum in Tanzania. Journal of Tourism [Revista de Turism], Issue 24, pp. 45-54. [Indexed in EBSCO] ISSN: 1844-2994, http://revistadeturism.ro/rdt/article/view/393/256

Lwoga, N.B. (2017), Local collaboration network in management of built heritage: A study of Pangani Conservation Task Force (PCTF) in Tanzania, Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 7, Issue 3, pp 226-243 [Indexed in Scopus, Impact Factor = 0.2], http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JCHMSD-05-2016-0034

Lwoga, T. and Lwoga, N.B. (2017). User acceptance of mobile payments: the effects of user- centric security, system characteristics and gender, Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 81, (3), 1-24. http://www.is.cityu.edu.hk/staff/isrobert/ejisdc/8..., ISSN: 1681-4835

Lwoga, N.B. (2017), Cultural heritage tourism and the community in Tanzania, proceeding for the International Summer School - African Heritage and the Pillars of Sustainability, coordinated by Brandenburg Technical University Cottbus (Germany) and Fahari Yetu Project. 25th to 31st July2016. https://heritagestudies.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017...

Lwoga, N.B. (2016). Tourism employment and local residents’ engagement in the conservation of the built heritage in Zanzibar Stone Town in Tanzania. Published in the Proceedings of the 7th Sustainable Tourism conference” held in Valencia, Spain, 18th to 20th May 2016, the WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 201, 43 – 55, ISSN: 1743-3541 https://www.witpress.com/elibrary/wit-transactions-on-ecology-and-the-environment/201/35411

Lwoga, N.B. (2016). Factors influencing local residents’ intention to conserve the built heritage in Tanzania, Journal of Heritage Tourism, 12 (4):394-409. doi:10.1080/1743873X.2016.1213846

Lwoga, N.B. and Asubisye, E. (2016). Effects of drought on cultural tourism: selected cases of Maasai tourism groups surrounding Tarangire National Park in Tanzania, Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, Vol. 16, Issue 3, pp. 248-264. doi:10.1080/14766825.2016.1261147

Lwoga, N.B., Anderson, W., Mapunda, B.B.B., Andersson, T.D. and Mossberg, L. (2015). Socio- psychological Influences for Stakeholders’ engagement in conservation of built heritage attractions in Tanzania, Published in the Proceedings of the 9th ATLAS (Association for Tourism & Leisure Education and Research) Conference, University of Dar es Salaam, 3-5 June 2015, [http://www.atlaseuro.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ppurpyKaAhw%3D&tabid=238&language=en-US], ISBN: 978-90-75775-76-1

Lwoga, N.B. (2013). Tourism Development in Tanzania Before and After Independence:Sustainability Perspectives, The Eastern African Journal of Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism, 1 (2):1-26,http://tourismsaut.ac.tz/vol-2-no-2-february-2014/

Lwoga, N.B. and Mabulla, A.Z.P. (2013). Institutional and Legislative Conflicts in Management ofBuilt Heritage in Neoliberal Cities: A Case of Dar es Salaam City, Journal of Studies in the African Past,11: 89 – 11

Lwoga, N.B. and Kessy, E.T (2013). Development of Cultural Heritage Tourism in Dar es SalaamCity Centre: Demand Perspective, The Eastern African Journal of Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism, 1(1):45-61, http://tourismsaut.ac.tz/vol-1-no-1-march-2013/

Mapunda, B. and Lwoga, N.B. (2012). Cultural Tourism for Poverty Alleviation on the Western Coast of theIndian Ocean: The Case of Kilwa. In Sigalla, L.H. & Sambaiga, R.F., (Eds.) Globalization, CoastalResource and Livelihood in Tanzania. Linz: Universitaet Trauner Verlag, pp 57 – 72.http://repository.udsm.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/212?show=full

Lwoga, N.B. (2011). Tourism: Meaning, Practices & History, Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press. pp 160. [ISBN 978 9976 60 538 9]

Lwoga, N.B. (2010). Implications of cultural heritage management crisis to tourism development in Dar es Salaam City Centre, in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Tourism in Developing Countries (ICST-DC) in Dar es Salaam, 10th to 11th August 2010

Lwoga, N.B. (2010). A Guide to Treasures of Dar es Salaam City Centre: Heritage of the Sultanate and German Periods, Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag, pp 56. [ISBN 978-3-693-31370-3]

Kamatula, G. A. (2017). Social Media: A Potential Technological Tool in Fostering knowledge Sharing in Government Agencies: In Managing Knowledge Resources and Records in Modern Organizations; IGI Global, USA.

Kamatula, G. A &Abankwa, R. (2014). The Relevancy of Archival theory in a digital era: In ARCIS Book of Readings in Information Science and Technology; Vol. II; University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Kamatula, G. A. & Kemoni, H. (2018). A framework for e-records in support of e-government implementation in the Tanzania Public Service. ESARBICA Journal; Vol. 37; pp. 69 – 88.

Kamatula, G.A. (2017). Impact of Social Media on our Communities Taday: Is the the Tanzania Cybercrime Act, 2015 a Panacea to Abusers? Journal of public Sector Management; Vol. 5; pp. 98 – 128.

Kamatula, G. A; Mnkeni-Saurombe, N. &Mosweu, O. (2013). The Role of Archives in the Promotion of Documentary National Heritage in Tanzania, South Africa and Botswana. ESARBICA Journal; Vol. 32; pp. 114 -134.

Kamatula, G. A. (2012). The Legal and Regulatory Framework for E-government Initiatives in Tanzania: A critical review. Mousaion Journal, Vol. 30(2); pp. 52 – 68.

Kamatula, G. A. (2012). Marketing and Public Programming in Records and Archives at the Tanzania Records and Archives Management Department. Journal of the South African Society of Archivists (SASA); Vol. 44, pp. 74-89.

Kamatula, G.A. (2010) E-Records and E-Government: Challenges and Prospects for Records Managers and Archivists in Africa. ESARBICA Journal; Vol. 29; PP. 147 -164 (2010).

Kamatula, G. A. (2019). An Assessment of E-Records Readiness as a Pre-Requisite for E-Governance in Tanzania: A Case of Selected Public Offices. University of Dar es Salaam Journal, Vol. 14 (1), pp.

2012. Gidna, A.,and Dominguez-Rodrigo, M. A method for reconstructing femoral length from fragmented shaft specimens. Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 64(1):29-41.

2012, Gidna, A., and Dominguez-Rodrigo, M. A cautionary note on the use of captive carnivores to model wild predators: A Comparison of bone modification patterns on long bones by captive and wild lions. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40:1903-1910.

2012. Domínguez-Rodrigo, M., H.T. Bunn, Gidna. A.,T.R. Pickering, A.Z. Mabulla, C. Musiba, E. Baquedano, G. Ashley, F. Diez-Martin, M. Santoja, D. Uribelarrea, R. Barba, J. Yravedra, D. Barboni, C. Arriaza. Authochthony and orientation patterns in Olduvai Bed I: a re-examination of the status of post-depositional biasing of archaeological assemblages from FLK North (FLKN). Journal of Archaeol. Sci. 39: 2116-2127.

2012. Andres, M. Gidna. A., Yravedra, J.,Dominguez-Rodrigo, M.A study of dimensional differences of tooth marks on bones modified by small animals and large carnivores. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 4:209-219.

2012. M. Dominguez-Rodrigo, A. Mabulla, C. Musiba, G. Trancho, E.Baquedano, H.T.Bunn, D. Barboni, M.Santonja, D. Uribelarrea, A.Gidna, J. Yravedra.Earliest Porotic Hyperostosis on a 1.5-Million–Year-Old Hominin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. PLoSONE. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046414

2013. Gidna, A., Kisui, B.,Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Mabulla, A.An ecological neo-taphonomic study of carcass consumption by lions in Tarangire National Park (Tanzania) and its evidence for human evolutionary biology.Journal of Quaternary International, 167-180.

2013. Dominguez Rodrigo, M.,Baquedano,E.,Pickering,T,Mabulla, A., Musiba,C., Gidna,A . New associated hominin remains from BK (Upper Bed II, Olduvai Gorge,Tanzania.. (Plos One 5;8(12):e80347

2013. Prendergast, M.E., A. Mabulla, K. Grillo, O. Seitsonen, Gidna, A,. D. Gifford-Gonzalez. Pastoral Neolithic sites on the southern Mbulu plateau, Tanzania.Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa. DOI: 10.1080/0067270X.2013.841927.

2014. Mabulla, A. Z. P. and Gidna A. “The dawn of human imagination: The rock art of north-central Tanzania”. (M. Dominguez-Rodrigo and E. Baquedano (eds.), The Cradle of Humankind.

2014. M. Domínguez-Rodrigoa , H.T. Bunnb, A.Z.P. Mabullac, E. Baquedanod, D. Uribelarreae, A. Pérez-González, Gidna. A., J. Yravedraa, F. Diez-Martinh, C.P. Egelandi, M.C. Arriaza, E. Organista.On meat eating and human evolution: A taphonomic analysis of BK4b (Upper Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania), and its bearing on hominin megafaunal consumption. Journal of Quaternary International, 129-152.

2015. Gidna, A. “A comparative study of frontal bone morphology among Pleistocene hominin fossil groups:-A study on Eyasi Hominin (EH-06) frontal bone”. Vol 12: Studies in the African Past; Journal of African Archaeology Network.

2015.Gidna, A., and Dominguez-Rodrigo, M.Patterns of bovid long limb bone modification created by wild and captive leopards and their relevance to the elaboration of referential frameworks for paleoanthropology. Journal of Archaeological Science, 302-309.

2015. Dominguez-Rodrigo, M, Gidna, A., Yravedra, J.A Comparative Neo-Taphonomic Study of Felids, Hyaenids and Canids: an Analogical Framework Based on Long Bone Modification Patterns. Journal of Taphonomy ,10:147-164.

2015. Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Yravedra, J., Organista E., Gidna, A., Baquedano, E,. 2015. A new methodological approach to the taphonomic study of paleontological and archaeological faunal assemblages: a preliminary case study from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania). Journal of Archaeological Science,35-53.

2015.Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Bunn, H. T., Pickering, T., Baquedano, E., Mabulla,A., Gidna, A,. Back to the past; Orientation patterns and the autochthony of the Olduvai Bed I sites. Journal of Archaeological Science, 42:307-318.

2016 Organista E., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M, Gidna, A., Yravedra, J.An experimental lion-to-hammer stone model and its relevance to understand hominin-carnivore interactions in the archeological record. Journal of Archaeological Science,69-77.

2017. Organista E., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M, Gidna, A., Baquedano, E. Biotic and abiotic processes affecting the formation of BK Level 4c (Bed II, Olduvai Gorge) and their bearing on hominin behavior at the site. Journal of Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology Volume 488, Pages 59-75

2017. Julia, a., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M, Yravedra, J. Baquedano, E., Mabulla,A., D. Barboni, Gidna,A. The paleoecology and taphonomy of AMK (Bed I,Olduvai Gorge) and itscontributions to the understanding of the “Zinj” paleolandscape. Journal of Pala eogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology Volume 488,, Pages 35-49.

2018 Grillo, K.M., M.E. Prendergast, D. Contreras, T. Fitton, A. Gidna, S. Goldstein, M. Knisley, M. Langley, A.Z.P. Mabulla. In press(2018).Pastoral Neolithic Settlement at Luxmanda,Tanzania. Journal of Field Archaeology.

2019. Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Gidna, A., Cobo, L., Julia, A. The meta- group social network of early humans; A temporal -spatial assessment of group size at FLK- Zinj Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution, 127, 54-56.

2019. Julia, a., Yose Yravedra., Miguel Angel, M., Maria Cruz, O.,Gidna, A., Enrique, B., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M. Who ate OH80 (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)?A geometric-morphometric analysis of surface bone modifications of a Paranthropus boisei skeleton. Quaternary International Volume 517, 20 May 2019, Pages 118-130

2019. Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Enrique, B., Gidna, A., Barba, J. D. Uribelarrea.The river that never was: Fluvial taphonomy at Olduvai Bed I and II sites and its bearing on early human behavior. Quaternary International Volume 526, 20 August 2019, Pages 26-38

2019. Maíllo-Fernández, José-Manuel and Marín, Juan and Solano-Megías, Irene and Uribelarrea, David and Martín-Perea, David and Aramendi, Julia and Medialdea, Alicia and Pernas-Hernández, Marta and Gidna, Agness and Neogi, Sayantani (2019) 'Victoria cabrera site: A middle stone age site at Olduvai gorge, Tanzania.', Quaternary international., 526 . pp. 129-154.

2020 Katherine M. Grillo, Julie Dunne, Fiona Marshall, Mary E. Prendergast, Emmanuelle Casanova, Agness O. Gidna, Anneke Janzen, Karega-Munene, Jennifer Keute, Audax Z. P. Mabulla, Peter Robertshaw, Walton-Doyle, Helen L. Whelton. Molecular and isotopic evidence for milk, meat, and plants in prehistoric eastern African herder food systems [Anthropology] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (IF 9.580 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-05.

Sallema A, Gideon H (2019). Occurrence records of Lepidoptera Pollinator specimens in the National Museum of Tanzania. Version 1.13. TanBIF. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/zucowz accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-05-16.

Norbert J. Ngowi & Adelaide E. Sallema (2019) Impact of natural capital investment strategies on waterquality in the Ndembera River sub-catchment, Tanzania. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol 239, © 2019 WIT Press www.witpress.com, ISSN 1743-3541 doi:10.2495/WS190011 https://www.wessex.ac.uk/1911/ZENS5522A/WS19-9781784663575.pdf

Norbert J. Ngowi., Elizabeth L. Genda., & Adelaide E. Sallema. (2018). The role of youth in water source management in Tanzania: Experience of villages in the Great Ruaha River, Iringa District. Afrika focus, 31(1): 153-171. Published and available at VRL https://doi.org/10.21825/af.v31i1.9044

Sallema, A. E and Amir, O. A. (2016). Importance of dugong profile in understanding its Conservation along Tanzania Coast. Journal of Global Resources Vol.2: 26-29. Published and available athttp://isdesr.org/content/current-issue-volume-2-january-2016/

Muir, C, E., Sallema A, E., Abdallah, O., De Luca, D. & Davenport, T. R. B. 2003. The Dugong (Dugong Dugon) In Tanzania: A National Dugong Assessment of Status, Distribution and Threat. Wildlife Conservation Society Dar es Salaam, Tanzania pp 31.Published and available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228400399_The_dugong_Dugong_dugon_in_Tanzania_A_national_assessment_of_status_distribution_and_threat

Sallema, A. E. 2003. Mangrove Species Distribution, Abundance and Restoration potential in Dege Mangrove Ecosystem, Dar es Salaam. M.Sc. Dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. 86 pp. 2020 Harrison, T; Rein, T., Kwekason, A. New fossil hominis from the Upper Laetolil Beds, Tanzania, Amer. Journ Phys. Anthrop. (coming)

2020 Harrison, T., Kwekason, A., Fossil Madoqua and Raphicerus (Mammalia, Bovidae) from Laetoli, Tanzania, Journ Vertebrate Peleontology (coming)

2020 Harrison, T., Su,D.F., Fillion, L., Kwekason,A., Early Pliocene Fauna from Lower Laetolil Beds, Tanzania, Historical Biology (coming)

2020Harrison, T., Kwekason, A., & Spoor, F. (2020) Paranthropus aethiopicus at Laetoli and its implications for the biogeography and evolutionary history of the genus. In Constantino, P., Wood, B., &Reed, K. (eds.), The forgotten Lineage(s): Paleobiology of Paranthropus. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Series. Dordrecht:Springer (coming)

2019 Denne Reed, Terr Harrison, Amandus Kwekason (2019), Eyasi Plateau Paleontological Expeditions Laetoli (Tanzania) Fossil specimen Data 1998-2005, Nature’s journal of scientific Data,6:304. Doi: og/10.1038/s41597-019-0304-2

2018 Fillion, E., Su, D.F., Kwekason, A., Harrison, T. Proxies of ungulate diet reconstruct the paleoenvironment of Australopithecus afarensis at Laetoli, Tanzania. Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol. 165, S66: 85.

2018 Su, D.F., Harrison, T., Kwekason, A. Paleoenvironment of the Lower Laetolil Beds (3.85 Ma to >4.36 Ma) at Laetoli, Tanzania. Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol. 165, S66: 267.

2018 Tryon CA, Lewis JE, Ranhorn KL, Kwekason A, Alex B, Laird MF, et al. (2018) Middleand Later Stone Age chronology of Kisese II rockshelter (UNESCO World Heritage KondoaRock-Art Sites), Tanzania. PLoS ONE 13(2):e0192029. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192029

2018 Myra F. Laird, Elaine Kozma, A. Kwekason, T. Harrisom (2018): A new Fossilcercopithecid tibia frim Laetoli and its implications for positional behavior and paleoecology. Journal ofHuman Evolution, Vol. 118: 27-42

2017 Kaiser, T. M., Gidna, A., Kwekason, A., Mabulla, A.Z.P., Manthi, F. K., Kgasi, L., Schulz-Kornas, E. and Tawane, M. (2017) Klimawandel als Antrieb der Menschlichen Evolution. In: Klimagewalten, Treibende Kraft der Evolution. Metter, H. and Puttkammer, T. (eds.). Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt (Halle), Theiss. 210-221

2016 Demarchi, B., Hall, S., Roncal-Herrero, T., Freeman, C.L., Woolley, J., Crisp, M.K., Wilson, J., Fotakis, A., Fischer, R., Kessler, B., Rakownikow Jersie-Christensen, R., Olsen, J.V., Haile, J., Thomas, J., Marean, C.W., Parkington, J., Presslee, S., Lee-Thorp, J., Ditchfield, P., Hamilton, J.F., Ward, M.W., Wang, C.M., Shaw, M.D., Harrison, T., Domínguez-Rodrigo, M., Macphee, R.D.E., Kwekason, A., Ecker, M., Kolska Horwitz, L., Chazan, M., Kröger, R., Thomas-Oates, J., Harding, J.H., Cappellini, E., Penkman, K., Collins, M.J.Survival of eggshell peptides over millions of years in Africa is due to mineral binding. 7th International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology, Oxford, UK. ISBA7 Conference Handbook, 2016: 53-54.

2016 Demarchi et al. (2016) Protein Sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time, eLite Publication, DOI: 10.7554/eLite. 17092.

2015 Fred Spoor; Philipp Gunz; Simon Neubauer; Stefanie Stelzer, Nadia Scott; Amandus Kwekason;& Christopher Dean (2015), Reconstructed Homo habilis holotype O.H. 7 reveals deep- rooted species diversity in early Homo, In Nature, Vol.519:83-86.

2014 Kwekason, A.P. & Waltz, Jonathan (2015), Material crosscuttings at Mlongo, Mafia Island Tanzania, The Current, Vol. 3(2); 10 – 12.

2013 Kwekason, A. P. (2013), Coastal Nkope: early Ironworking tradition of the Southern Tanzania, African Archaeological Review 30:145-167; DOI: 10.1007/s10437-013-9132-5

2011 Harrison, T & A. Kweka (2011b), Paleontological localities on the Eyasi Plateau, Including Laetoli, In Terry Harrison (ed.), Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context, Vol.I,pp 17 – 46. New York:Springer S&B Media

2011Kwekason, A. P. (2011a), Holocene Archaeology of the Southern coast Tanzania, Dar es Salaam: V N Publishers.

2010 Kwekason, A. P. (2010b), The Archaeology of Ujiji area, Kigoma; archaeological report submitted to the Antiquity Department, (MNRT) Dar es Salaam.

2010 Kwekason, A. P (2010a), Holocene archaeology of Southern Coast Tanzania: Diachronic and Synchronic patterns. PhD thesis submitted to the University of Dar es Salaam, Sept. 2009

2008Kwekason, A.P. (2008), Microwear Analysis of some artifacts from archeological horizon 5, in Pierre M Vermeersch (ed.), A Holocene Prehistoric Sequence in the Egyptian Red Sea Area: The Tree Shelter, pp. 63-72. Leuven University Press.

2007 Kwekason, A.P. (2007), “Pre-early ironworking Sedentary Communities on the Southern Coast of Tanzania”, in G. Pwiti, C. Radimilary, & F. Chami (eds.), Studies in the African Past, 6,pp. 20 – 40.

2006 Kwekason, A.P. (2006), Holocene Cultural Sequence in the Southern Tanzania: New evidence on pre-Ironworking settlements, Nyame Akuma, No. 66.

2003 Chami, F. & A. Kwekason (2003c), Neolithic Pottery Traditions from the Islands, the coast and the Interior of East Africa, in African Archaeological Review, vol.20, No.2.

2003 Kwekason, A. & F. Chami (2003b), The Archaeology of Muleba, Southwest of Lake Nyanza: Preliminary report. In Studies in the African Past 3, pp.59 – 85.

2003 Kwekason, A.P. (2003a), Kilwa Kisiwani: The Pride of our Heritage. History of Kilwa for beginners. National Museum 2003

2002 Kwekason, A, P. (2002)-Geo environmental aspects of Dar es Salaam area: in Studies in the African Past vol.2, pp.15–24.

1999 Mcharo, B; Werner, C; Kweka, A; and Zils, W (1999), Conservation of Geological sites (GEOSITES) for sustainable social economic development in Tanzania, Proceedings, Tanzania Geological Society (TGS), Arusha, Tanzania.

1991Muhongo, Sospeter; Werner, C; Zils W; Kweka A and Mcharo B (1999), Conservation ofGeological sites (Geosites) in Tanzania, UNESCO report, Nairobi, Kenya.

Tanzania Census 2022